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Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra

versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627

Resumen

FUERTES, C et al. Long-term effects of a mindfulness and self-compassion program with Primary Healthcare professionals. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2019, vol.42, n.3, pp.269-280.  Epub 20-Abr-2020. ISSN 1137-6627.  http://dx.doi.org/10.23938/assn.0718.

Background

The effectiveness of mindfulness and self-compassion-based interventions (MSCI) on emotional fatigue and stress in Primary Healthcare (PHC) professionals has been demonstrated in the short term. The aims of this work were to assess whether these effects persist after two years, and if the observed results differ between those who practiced mindfulness regularly during the follow-up (meditators) and those who did not.

Methods

Prospective study - pre-post and two years after performing an MSCI that was offered to all PHC professionals in Navarra, with group sessions of 2.5 hours / week for 8 weeks. Attending at least 75% of the sessions and practicing at home for 45 minutes a day were mandatory. At the three moments of the study, questionnaires were distributed to measure levels of mindfulness (FFMQ), self-compassion (SCS), perceived stress (PSQ) and burnout (MBI). At the end of the follow-up period, participants were asked if they were meditators and the time they dedicated to this weekly.

Results

Forty-eight professionals were enrolled and 41 (83% women) met the inclusion criteria, without loss to follow-up. Mean scores in mindfulness, self-compassion and perceived stress significantly improved after the intervention and in the long term (p <0.001), without observing differences in the level of burnout. The group of meditators achieved a greater long-term improvement in self-compassion (3.6 points vs. 1.6).

Conclusions

The effectiveness of an MSCI persists two years later regardless of meditator status, although there is a significant improvement in self-compassion in the meditators.

Palabras clave : Mindfulness; Self-compassion; Burnout; Stress; Primary Healthcare.

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