Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica
versión impresa ISSN 1139-1375
BLASCO CABANAS, C. et al. A detailed study of the causes of transference from Peritoneal Dialysis to hemodialysis in a Nephrology Service. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2004, vol.7, n.1, pp.43-48. ISSN 1139-1375.
Objective: To analyse the causes and risk factors of transference to HD in a programme of PD. Material and methods: A descriptive and retrospective study. PD is offered across the board toall patients with IRCT. The following variable were gathered: demographics, clinics, existence of physical deficiencies, functional autonomy, peritonitis, time of treatment and reason for stopping the technique; immediate causes of transfer to hemodialysis, classified as potentially solvable or not. We analyzed the following data on the patients: clinical data, funcional status and social data. Results: Of a total of 103 patients 58.25% of them men, with an average age at the beginning of PD of 59±18, 29% transfered to HD, 16.5% had transplants, 29% died, while 26 people continue in the programme. The immediate causes of transfer to HD were: 30% failure of ultrafiltration (UF) and / or infradialysis, 17% peritonitis, 17% problems related tothe catheter or the abdominal wall, 17% intolerance of PD, 13% social problem and / or seriousillness and 6% the wish of the patient. Of the total transfers, 46% were due to problems related to PD for which there was no solution. The transfer patients had more peritonitis than others and a major proportion of physical deficiencies which made it difficult to carry out PD. Personal and social factors were observed to have a strong influence on the survival of the technique of PD.
Palabras clave : Peritoneal dialysis; Hemodialysis; Change of treatment.