Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica
versión impresa ISSN 1139-1375
MARQUINA PARRA, Dolores et al. The influence of personality traits in the choice of dialysis technique. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2005, vol.8, n.1, pp.13-17. ISSN 1139-1375.
Chronic Renal Insufficiency is accompanied by physical problems and a strong dose of anxiety. We believe that the personality traits and psychosocial support might influence in the choice of dialysis technique. Our objective is to evaluate how personality traits influence the choice of dialysis technique. In the Nephrology Service, since 1996 we have had a prospective register that gathers variables related to the choice of dialysis technique. In 2003, we performed a transversal study on all stable dialysis patients in our unit of the Character Traits, with the following questionnaires: • Eysenk personality questionnaire (EPQ RS) • Social adaptation scale (PSA) • Confronting test (COPE) Thirty-nine patients were studied, of which 20 opted for haemodialysis and 19 for peritoneal dialysis. We found no differences with respect to the social variables nor in the personality test, only one statistically significant difference was found on the deadaptive scale of the COPE test. It was observed that the patients choosing PD showed a greater capacity to face problems, did not have better support and social adaptation or a less neurotic personality.
Palabras clave : peritoneal dialysis; confrontation; personality; choice.