Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica
versión impresa ISSN 1139-1375
MARTINEZ GOMEZ, Susana et al. Fulfilment of the activities of prevention and health promotion in a haemodialysis unit. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2005, vol.8, n.1, pp.19-22. ISSN 1139-1375.
Prevention and health promotion activities are dealt with in the general population by the Programme of Preventive Activities and Health Promotion (PAPPS). Given their high joint morbility and immunological alteration, patients in haemodialysis (HD) should be highly compliant. The aim of our work was to use a transversal observational study on 72 patients in outpatient HD to see the fulfilment of some activities of the adult sub-programme of the PAPPS. Results. Recommendations on lifestyle: smoking, 19.4% smoked an average 14.78 cigarettes/day. Alcohol, 41.7% were consumers of an average 106.08+/-87.1 g/week in men and 79.6+/-91 g/week in women. Cancer prevention programme: breast cancer, average overall fulfilment was 54.4%; 42.8% completely, 35.7% incompletely and 21.4% had no mammography. Cervical cancer, average overall fulfilment was 59%; 56.2% fulfilling 100%, 43.7% incompletely and 18.75% of patients had had no kind of cervico-vaginal cytology. Infectious disease prevention programme: 19.4% were vaccinated against pneumococo; 22.2% against tetanus-diphtheria; 73.6% against influenza and 97.7% against Hepatitis B. Activities to prevent alternations in the vision of the elderly: average fulfilment was 30.34%; 13.6% completely; 52.3% incompletely and 34.1 % had no ophthalmologic revision. Compliance with the recommendations of the PAPPS in HD is low. Nursing should take an active role in increasing these activities.
Palabras clave : prevention; health promotion; primary attention; nursing; haemodialysis.