Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica
versión impresa ISSN 1139-1375
BRANDAO DE CARVALHO LIRA, Ana Luisa; CAVALCANTE GUEDES, Maria Vilaní y OLIVEIRA LOPES, Marcos Venícios de. Chronic adolescent renal patients: physical, social and emotional post-transplant alterations. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2005, vol.8, n.4, pp.12-16. ISSN 1139-1375.
Undergoing a kidney transplant in adolescence produces a feeling of uncertainty as to the prognosis, but also of hope and trust in finding stimuli to overcome obstacles. Conducted in the kidney transplant centre of a public hospital, it is a qualitative, descriptive study the aim of which is to determine the physical, social and emotional alterations in the life of a post-kidney transplant adolescent. Twelve adolescents replied to the questions in a structured interview. The results show that the most significant physical limitations were being away from school, restrictions in social life and difficulty in getting exercise. In relation to social alterations, leisure and going to school were lower in the first three months after the transplant, the period considered the most vulnerable. The support of family and friends was the point of emotional support identified by interviewees. Adolescents acquired new psychological qualities to overcome the obstacles arising after the transplant.
Palabras clave : Renal transplant; Adolescent; Health behaviour.