Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica
versión impresa ISSN 1139-1375
GONZALEZ HORNA, Alicia et al. Dermic manifestations in haemodialysis: Nursing care - A new approach?. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2005, vol.8, n.4, pp.75-78. ISSN 1139-1375.
Peripheral vascular injuries are common in elderly patients with chronic renal failure, whether or not associated to hyperparathyroidism and/or metabolic alterations. The progressive ageing of the populations on haemodialysis leads us to assume that in future years an increase will occur in the appearance of dermatological injuries associated to vascular pathology. This observational and retrospective study tries to record the prevalence in our unit of skin injuries during the last three years and to reflect the nursing care that has been developed, without a previously established protocol. Our results show that 15% of patients showed skin injuries. 27% were diabetic, 27% suffered from peripheral vascular pathology, 29% had hyperparathyroidism, of whom 40% developed calciphylaxia. We observed from a small papule to more developed ulcers with necrotic tissue which we started to treat empirically with local treatment, preventive antibiotic cover and oral or IV analgesic, if the patient needed it. The etiological diagnosis confirmed that 47% already had 4th degree ischemia and 33% calciphylaxis histological injury. Accordingly, we considered introducing protocols for the care of skin injuries in haemodialysis.
Palabras clave : Haemodialysis; Skin injuries; Calciphylaxis.