Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica
versión impresa ISSN 1139-1375
DIAZ JURADO, Maribel et al. Kidney transplant and vascular rejection: Role of nursing in treatment with plasmapheresis peritoneal dialysis. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2007, vol.10, n.1, pp.53-58. ISSN 1139-1375.
Plasmapheresis (PPH) is a technique that has been applied in the kidney transplant service (KT) of our Hospital since 1999, as a treatment in KT that presents vascular rejection. This rejection can be of two types: caused by antibodies or caused by T lymphocytes. Treatment with PPH manages to eliminate the antibodies in the patient's blood, and can therefore be effective when the vascular rejection is caused by antibodies. The technique is carried out by the nurse of the transplant unit. The nurse must be familiar with the technique, the parameters, its indications and the possible complications that may arise. The main purpose of our study is to see the effectiveness of treatment with PPH and the nursing care provided. A retrospective, observational and descriptive study was carried out of a sample of 15 patients. The data studied were classified according to thepatient profile, PPH parameters, evolution of the KT, nursing care and analytical controls. The results obtained show that treatment with PPH is efficacious in vascular rejection caused by antibodies, also offering integral care to the transplant patient, since the nurse of the KT unit is responsible for carrying out the technique.
Palabras clave : Kidney transplant; Vascular rejection; Plasmapheresis; Integral care.