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Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica

Print version ISSN 1139-1375


MARTIN ESPEJO, Jesús Lucas; GOMEZ CASTILLA, Antonia Concepción  and  GUERRERO RISCO, Maria de los Ángeles. Nursing intervention for the conservation of residual kidney function in peritoneal dialysis. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2007, vol.10, n.4, pp.15-23. ISSN 1139-1375.

The conservation of residual kidney function is an important factor to take into account in patients undergoing dialysis. In this work we have set the following goals: to study the factors that influence the deterioration of residual kidney function in our PD patients, to define the Nursing Diagnostics and Collaboration Problems in which our interventions contribute to slowing down this process. The sample was made up of 67 patients, with diuresis in excess of 300 ml/day at the beginning in PD.The evolution of the residual kidney function and its relationship with the quantity of glucose and weekly volume of peritoneal liquid used, use of icodextrine, technique used and other related variables were observed. We selected the nursing diagnostics (Kidney-ineffective tissular perfusion, Ineffective handling of therapeutic regime, Risk of imbalance in volume of liquids, Risk of nutritional imbalance by deficiency or excess), outcomes and intervention criteria with the activities applied of interrelated NANDA, NIC and NOC taxonomies, and collaboration problems. In the results obtained, the glucose and volume of weekly peritoneal liquid were lower in patients who maintained residual kidney function. We did not find differences in the residual kidney function according to the PD technique or use of icodextrine. Patients who conserve diuresis use lower weekly volumes and glucose, nutritional parameters are better, we did not find any different in the maintenance of the residual kidney function depending on the type of technique, between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Nursing interventions on diagnostics related to imbalance in the volume of liquid that achieve normal weight,blood pressure, absence of oedemas, adequate use of glucose in the dialysis patient, etc.can favour maintenance of residual kidney function.

Keywords : Peritoneal dialysis; Nursing interventions; Residual kidney function; State of nutrition.

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