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Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica

versão impressa ISSN 1139-1375


COBO SANCHEZ, José Luis et al. Repercussion of the degree of dependency of haemodialysis patients on the nursing workload. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2008, vol.11, n.1, pp.06-11. ISSN 1139-1375.

The aging of the population along with the pluripathology and immediacy of the beginning of the renal substitute treatment supposes a great challenge for the nephrology nursing. Greater survival before certain pathologies is accompanied by a greater incapacity of the patients and by a greater necessity of cares. Our objective was to evaluate the dependency degree of patients in hospital hemodialysis (HD) and to analyze the required necessities of nursing cares based on the same one. Descriptive prospective study in 43 patients in hospital HD. Dependency degree was evaluated by the "Delta Test", which consists of 3 scales: general dependency, physical deficiency and psychic deficiency. A specific registry was designed in which it took shelter in addition: age, sex, nephropathy, time in HD, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). Statistical analysis SPSS 8.0. Twenty-eight men (65,1%) and 15 women (34,9%) were studied: mean age 61.86 years, mean CCI 5,39 points and mean time in HD 52.39 months. 67.43% presented some dependency type. Near to 50% of the sample needed some aid type as far as mobilization, deambulation and displacement, cleanliness and dress 35% needed aid in the administration of treatments and 70% needed greater nursing cares. A high prevalence of dependency of the patients in hospital HD exists, reason why must review patient/ nurse and to patient/ nursing assistant ratios to contribute cares of greater quality.

Palavras-chave : Dependency; Hemodialysis; Charge nursing.

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