Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica
versión impresa ISSN 1139-1375
VELAYOS GONZALEZ, María Pilar et al. Analysis of complication of permanent catheters for haemodialysis in a health area: economic repercussions. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2008, vol.11, n.1, pp.25-30. ISSN 1139-1375.
In recent years the number of patients with a permanent catheter for haemodialysis has increased. Aims: To compile data on the complications associated to catheters, estimating the overall cost. To compare catheter connection and disconnection costs with the cost of a fistula. Material and methods: A 24-month prospective descriptive study in 116 CT for HD in 97 patients: 68.05% men, average age 66.56 years and 23.3% diabetic. Results: A total of 41 catheters continue to work, 75 were removed because of: malfunction (11), use of fistula (37), transfer to peritoneal dialysis (9), infection (6) and others (12). On 59 occasions urokinase was used for low flow, 45 cases were solved and 14 were reviewed in vascular radiology, with 6 having to be replaced. We recorded 8 systemic infections, 7 of the catheter wound and 3 of the tunnel. The average aggregate survival of the catheters was 611.70±36.76 days. Survival was lower in renal insufficiency of vascular origin 293.17±46.9. The total expense of the catheters was 203,354.07€. The cost month/catheter was 563.26€. The cost per session without complications was 15.66€ in catheters and 6.376€ in fistulas. Conclusions: 1. Our results in survival and complications improve on those indicated in clinical guidelines. 2. The use and maintenance of catheters generates a significant expense and their use involves double the expense of a fistula.
Palabras clave : Catheter; Complications; Costs; Haemodialysis.