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International Microbiology

versión impresa ISSN 1139-6709


SAAVEDRA, Maria José et al. Resistance tob-lactam antibiotics in Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss. INT. MICROBIOL. [online]. 2004, vol.7, n.3, pp.207-211. ISSN 1139-6709.

Bacterial infections caused by members of the genus Aeromonas, with a relatively high antibiotic resistance, are among the most common and troublesome diseases of fish raised in ponds with recirculation systems. In this study, carried out at an experimental aquaculture station in northern Portugal, 51 strains identified as belonging to the genus Aeromonas were isolated from 20 rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) skin and kidney samples, as well as from raceway water samples. Macro- and microscopic examination of the fish tissues revealed lesions or cellular alterations in skin and kidney that seemed to correlate with the presence of those isolates. The sensitivity of all isolated strains to different groups ofb-lactam antibiotics (penicillins, cephalosporins, monobactams and carbapenems) was evaluated using the disc diffusion method. The highest rates of resistance were to amoxicillin, carbenicillin and ticarcillin. Unexpected resistance to imipenem, an antibiotic of clinical usage, was also detected, which suggests that resistance may have been transferred to the Aeromonas population from the environment.

Palabras clave : Aeromonas hydrophila; antibiotic resistance in fish; rainbow trout.

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