versión impresa ISSN 1139-6709
MARTINEZ-MURCIA, Antonio J. et al. Phenotypic, genotypic, and phylogenetic discrepancies to differenciate Aeromonas salmonicida from Aeromonas bestiarum. INT. MICROBIOL. [online]. 2005, vol.8, n.4, pp.259-269. ISSN 1139-6709.
The taxonomy of the "Aeromonas hydrophila" complex (comprising the species A. hydrophila, A. bestiarum, A. salmonicida, and A. popoffii) has been controversial, particularly the relationship between the two relevant fish pathogens A. salmonicida and A. bestiarum. In fact, none of the biochemical tests evaluated in the present study were able to separate these two species. One hundred and sixteen strains belonging to the four species of this complex were identified by 16S rDNA restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Sequencing of the 16S rDNA and cluster analysis of the 16S-23S intergenic spacer region (ISR)-RFLP in selected strains of A. salmonicida and A. bestiarum indicated that the two species may share extremely conserved ribosomal operons and demonstrated that, due to an extremely high degree of sequence conservation, 16S rDNA cannot be used to differentiate these two closely related species. Moreover, DNA-DNA hybridization similarity between the type strains of A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida and A. bestiarum was 75.6 %, suggesting that they may represent a single taxon. However, a clear phylogenetic divergence between A. salmonicida and A. bestiarum was ascertained from an analysis based on gyrB and rpoD gene sequences, which provided evidence of a lack of congruence of the results obtained from 16S rDNA, 16S-23S ISR-RFLP, DNA-DNA pairing, and biochemical profiles.
Palabras clave : Aeromonas spp.; nucleic acids techniques; gene gyrB; gene rpoD.