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Pediatría Atención Primaria

versión impresa ISSN 1139-7632


ONIS GONZALEZ, E. et al. Unintentional injuries at school: what are we talking about?. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.68, pp.333-339. ISSN 1139-7632.

Introduction: studies on the impact of the unintentional injuries resulting from accidents at home and outdoors have been carried out, but there is scarce literature about those originating at schools. Objective: to know the characteristics of school accidents treated in our area of influence in the period of one year. Material and methods: retrospective and descriptive study conducted by review of medical records of children aged 1 to 15 years old who came to the Emergency Department of a private clinic in the year 2014, for assessment of injuries originated at schools of Vizcaya. Results: 20,420 cases of which 958 were school accidents (4.6%) were attended. Male were more prominent and the average age was 9 years old. Seventy percent of injuries occurred outside the classroom, the most frequent injury mechanism was direct trauma (56.5%) and the predominant location were the upper extremities where the injuries were also more serious. Complementary tests were carried out, mainly bone x-ray in 56%, and 69% of patients required treatment in the Emergency Department. Conclusions: unintentional injuries that happen in school are a great unknown for the pediatrician. In general, they are injuries of mild to moderate severity, requiring additional tests and treatment in a high percentage of cases. The knowledge of the circumstances surrounding these accidents and their risk factors would establish appropriate preventive strategies.

Palabras clave : School accident; Unintentional injuries; Trauma; School.

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