versión impresa ISSN 1575-1813
CARRERAS, Josep. Evaluation of teaching and faculty promotion (V).: Spanish Legislation (c): development of the Organic Law of Universities (2002-2005). Educ. méd. [online]. 2007, vol.10, n.2, pp.67-68. ISSN 1575-1813.
The organic Law of Universities (LOU) established a system with two steps to appoint the members of the bodies of functionary professors: a first step of national "habilitation", and a second step of concourse to the specific positions convoked by the universities. The "habilitation" procedure was censured very much by the Governments of the Autonomous Spanish Communities, the Conference of University Rectors, the academic authorities , the professors, the political parties and the labour organizations. It was stated that the procedure did not respect the autonomy of the universities, did not ensure the selection of the best candidates, did not abolish the "endogamy", and that it was very expensive and inefficient. Therefore, when in the year 2004 the Socialist Party formed a new Government, it initiated the substitution of the system of "habilitation" by a system of "accreditation". Regarding to the direct selection of contracted professors by the universities, the LOU established a previous step of evaluation of the academic activity of the candidates by an official agency. As the procedures developed by the National Agency for Evaluation of Quality were censured very much, the Socialist Government changed the system, to improve its efficiency and transparency. The rules of the specific concourses developed by the universities were established by their statute, causing significant differences among them.
Palabras clave : Selection of university professors; Spanish legislation.