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Educación Médica

Print version ISSN 1575-1813


PADIERNA-LUNA, J.L.; OSEGUERA-RODRIGUEZ, J.  and  GUDINO-HERNANDEZ, N.. Socioacademic factors, style of learning, intellectual level and their relationship with the previous academic yield of medical students. Educ. méd. [online]. 2009, vol.12, n.2, pp.91-102. ISSN 1575-1813.

Introduction. The learning is a complex activity, in that takes part individual factors, social and academic factors, among others. Aim. To describe socioacademic factors, styles of learning (SL), intellectual level (IL) and its relation with previous academic yield (academic average) of the Pre-degree interns (PDI). Subjects and methods. A cross-sectional and analytic survey to PDI was applied with three questionnaires: socioacademic data, adult questionnaire CHAEA (SL) and test Raven (IL). The sample included 174 students coming from nine universities, three private (n = 43; 24.7%) and six public (n = 131; 75.29%). It was used descriptive statistic and multiple regression to look for associations between the variables. Results and conclusions. The feminine sex with the 59.2% predominated (n = 103) on the masculine one, 40.8% (n = 71). The average of age was of 23.63 years with a rank from 21 to 33. There were no significant differences of gender in the previous yield ((8.21 vs 8.25). The relation between the socioacademic factors, styles of learning and intellectual level with the academic yield was evaluated, with an interval of confidence of 95%. Of the socioacademic factor, only the age is related inversely to the yield, with r = 0.2 and p < 0.001. The SL does not bear any relation to the yield. IL it is related significantly to the yield (p < 0.001).

Keywords : Intellectual level; Pre-degree interns; Socioacademic factors; Yield academic.

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