versión impresa ISSN 1575-1813
Learning based on problem-solving incorporates methodological tools that make it easier to fulfil the aims set for the training of future physicians within the framework of university education in the European Higher Education Area. It encourages a more active, flexible and practical training, which grants a leading role to tutor-guided personal work (self-directed learning) rather than the classical theoretical, eminently expository, classes, in which the student generally played a more passive role. The Family Medicine Unit at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid has included learning based on problem-solving as part of the elective subject 'Primary Care and Family Medicine', which is optional for students in the second cycle of their degree (years 4 to 6), since the academic year 2005-2006. By so doing our aim is to try to promote the training of physicians who are capable of learning and maintaining their competence throughout their entire career. This must not only involve the acquisition/integration of sufficient scientific knowledge but also the development of the skills needed to be able to apply them in a practical sense by considering each patient in a integral manner as a biopsychosocial reality, within a particular health care context. And we must not forget the bioethical aspects that are implicit in the doctor's work (respect for the patient and social compromise). In this article, we review the practical design of the subject.
Palabras clave : Directed self-learning; Learning based on problem-solving; Problem-based learning; Problem-solving; Self-directed learning.