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Educación Médica

versión impresa ISSN 1575-1813


USON-GARGALLO, J. et al. Animal model training in diagnostic and therapeutic biliary tract endoscopy teaching. Educ. méd. [online]. 2010, vol.13, n.3, pp.171-176. ISSN 1575-1813.

Aim. To show our experience in training in therapeutic endoscopy of the biliary tract in animal model. Materials and methods. This training activity has duration of 13 hours and starts initiating the trainee in anatomical differences with regard to human anatomy that occur between species that are used, the swine and canine. The practices consist of endoscopist to habituate the lateral view of duodenoscope, performing on pig model because it is easier to pass through the pyloric sphincter, although this is not very suitable for cannulation of the duodenal papilla. After passing the first stage, we used the canine model to acquire the skills and abilities specific to this technique. The performance evaluation is done through an anonymous survey. Results. 76% of students confirmed that they have made good progress with this training, 18% regular and 6% that shortly. 75% believed that after making this training would be found competent to carry out the technique in their hospitals. About 94% of students would recommend this activity. Conclusions. The use of animal model in training in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) permits the acquisition of basic skills needed for practice, as it enables the repetition of the maneuvers and continuing care. We believe that this mixed methodology could shorten the learning curve for ERCP and reduce iatrogenic in the early stages.

Palabras clave : Animal model; ERCP; Teaching.

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