versión impresa ISSN 1575-1813
MARTIN-PRIETO, M. Reyes; GAMO, M. Fe y RUIZ-FIGUEROA, M. Josefa. Occupational risks perception in medical internal residents of a secondary hospital. Educ. méd. [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.3, pp.163-170. ISSN 1575-1813.
Introduction. The medical specialized training 'residence' is a critical period for the later professional development. We tried to determine which risks the residents perceive in their activities and to compare them with the risk evaluation developed in their jobsites, to design oriented strategies that help us in daily practice. Subjects and methods. We have implemented a descriptive study whose targeted population was 83 residents who entered in the hospital along the period 2005-2007. Data was obtained through a survey specifically designed and their clinical occupational files -including the risk evaluation-. We have made a descriptive analysis of personal perception and technical evaluation data and verified its relationships with some theoretical determinant factors like year of residence or medical specialty. Results. The risks mainly perceived by residents are: ionizing radiation and psychosocial ones and, secondly, biological and ergonomic risks. We evidence a gap between the survey's results and the risk evaluation data linked to different factors. Occupational risks perception changes along the years of training residence keeping different trend models (increasing or decreasing the gap) according to different types of risk. Conclusions. In most of situations residents' occupational risks perception does not correspond directly with their objective work conditions. Developing a formative program specifically addressed to these workers would help them to better recognise and manage. Some risks should be reassessed by technicians taking into account the analyzed group's perception.
Palabras clave : Education medical graduate; Internship and residency; Risk factors; Risk perception.