Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones
versión impresa ISSN 1576-5962
LIZASO, Izarne; SANCHEZ DE MIGUEL, Manuel y REIZABAL, Luixa. Psychological factors and health associated with a new profile of retirees. Rev. psicol. trab. organ. [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.3, pp.303-324. ISSN 1576-5962.
Changes in society and the economy have reshaped the profile and definition of senior citizen over the past few decades. Unlike the traditional definition of the past, today there is no broad consensus on what it means to be a senior. New terms have appeared in different studies: new profile of seniors (Canes and García, 1989), new ageing (Bazo, 1992; 1996; 2000) and new retired (De Zayas, 1996). The primary aim of this study was to analyze the extent of interaction between certain social, psychological and health variables in the typology of a possible new profile for the retired. A total of 161 seniors (over 55) with no cognitive impairment took part in the study. A structural equation model (SEM) showed that some of the social, psychological and health-related variables (e.g., low anxiety and depression levels, good social relations, physical activity, good health, economic resources) play a role in this interaction. Therefore, a new profile for the retired could be portrayed, that would be particularly relevant for the organizations field.
Palabras clave : Retirement; Anxiety; Depression; The elderly.