Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones
versión impresa ISSN 1576-5962
POTOCNIK, Kristina; TORDERA, Nuria y PEIRO, José María. Retirement fit as a function of the retirement type and voluntariness: a gender view. Rev. psicol. trab. organ. [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.3, pp.347-364. ISSN 1576-5962.
The present study analyses the adjustment to retirement in terms of satisfaction and psychological well-being in a sample of 270 early and on-time retirees. Three factors were taken into consideration -type of retirement (early vs on-time retirement), perception of the extent to which retirement was voluntary (voluntariness) and gender. The results show that participants who retired on-time and whose decision was taken voluntarily perceive higher levels of satisfaction with retirement and psychological well-being when compared to early retirees and to those who perceive retirement as obligatory respectively. Results also show an interaction between the three factors in the impact of retirement on satisfaction and wellbeing. Among obligatory early retired, women experience lower levels of satisfaction with retirement compared to men. However, among the obligatory on-time retirees, men perceive lower levels of satisfaction with retirement than women. Based on these findings, this study emphasizes the importance of examining and intervening in retirement fit, taking into consideration the characteristics of both gender and transition process -i.e., early vs on-time retirement and voluntary vs obligatory retirement.
Palabras clave : Retirement; Adjustment; Voluntariness of retirement transition; Gender differences.