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Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte

On-line version ISSN 1989-5879Print version ISSN 1578-8423

Abstract

TARRAGO, Rafael et al. Analysis of patterns in bouts elite epee. CPD [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.1, pp.151-160. ISSN 1989-5879.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1578-84232015000100015.

The present study intended to characterize the tactical and the technical fighting actions during fencing competition bouts, determining the respective efficacy regarding the period that actions tended to occur. For that, the time of pause and the time of effective fighting, as well as the regularities found on fencers' behaviour were analysed. A punctual, nomothetic and multidimensional study design was used. ESGRIMOBS observational tool, validated by 17 experts, and LINCE recording instrument were applied. Data was treated and recodify through Microsoft® Office Excel® 2013. Data descriptive and inferential analyses were performed with the use of PASW Statistics for Windows, and T-Patterns detection was made by Theme software. Reliability was determined through intra and inter-observer agreement. 14 bouts of male epee World Cup of the absolute category were analysed. We verified that 43,1% (±13,3) of the analysed actions proved effective; consequently an increase of the efficacy all over the bout was found. Also, during the bout, its effective time decreased and, contrarily, increased the pause periods. 72 T-Patterns were identified, showing different regularities in the 14 studied bouts. We conclude that tools applied in the present study are valid to perform tactical and technical analysis, as well as to identify temporal structures in fencing rounds. Thus, T-Patterns detection can be performed with the above-referred instruments, being a new qualitative strategy to analyse tactics in fencing sport.

Keywords : Fencing; technical and tactical characterization; efficacy; T-Pattern; observational methodology.

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