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Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte

On-line version ISSN 1989-5879Print version ISSN 1578-8423


CASTANER, Marta et al. Perceived improvements in motor balance in relation to physical activity in programs for the elderly. CPD [online]. 2016, vol.16, n.1, pp.77-84. ISSN 1989-5879.

The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between perceived benefits and motor patterns observed in an exercise program for the elderly. We performed an embedded mixed methods design in which we analyzed data from 90 elderly adults who participated in 19 physical activity sessions. The data were obtained by systematically observing motor patterns during exercise, assessing balance control, and analyzing the results of a validated questionnaire on perceived benefits completed by the participants. The 19 sessions were analyzed using the observation tool OSMOS_in context and coded in LINCE v.1. T-pattern analysis was performed in Theme v.6. Balance scores were calculated for all 90 participants using the Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool. The results of the perceived benefits questionnaire were examined using the content analysis feature in Atlas-ti v. 6.2. T-pattern analysis showed the presence of specific patterns related to balance control and other motor and psychomotor skills; the patterns detected reflect improvements that were corroborated by the Tinetti Tool scores and the results of the questionnaires showing that the participants perceived both physical and social benefits.

Keywords : Elderly; physical activity; motor patterns; perceived balance benefits; mixed methods.

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