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Acción Psicológica

On-line version ISSN 2255-1271Print version ISSN 1578-908X


BARBOSA-LUNA, Adrián E. et al. Motivational Climate, Self-Determined Motivation, Affects, and Burnout in Athletes: A Multilevel Approach. Acción psicol. [online]. 2017, vol.14, n.1, pp.105-118. ISSN 2255-1271.

This study aimed to test a multilevel mediation model that examined the relationship between the perceived motivational climate created by coaches at team level and the affects and burnout at individual level, as mediated by the self-determined motivation. Participants were 745 college athletes from various sports, aged 17 to 28 years old (M = 21.46, DT = 2.14) who completed the instruments that evaluated the study variables (PMCSQ-2, SMS-II, PANAS, and ABQ). The results showed that at the within-team level, self-determined motivation was positively related to positive affect; on the contrary, was negatively related to negative affect and three dimensions of burnout. At the between-team level, the perception of the task-involving climate was positively related to self-determined motivation, while the ego-involving climate was negatively related to self-determined motivation. Similarly, self-determined motivation was positively related to positive affect and negatively negative affect, as well as to the three dimensions of burnout. Both the task-involving climate and ego-involving climates showed an indirect effect on well-being and discomfort through self-determined motivation. It is suggested that coaches generate a task-involving climate to promote the well-being of athletes.

Keywords : achievement goal; self-determination; well-being; ill-being; college sports.

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