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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


ESTRADA REVENTOS, D. et al. Efficiency of an educational program for the inpatient with pneumonia. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2009, n.16. ISSN 1695-6141.

Objective: Elaboration of an informative three-page leaflet on pneumonia, directed toward patients hospitalized for this illness, as well as to their relatives, care takers and posterior evaluation. Material and Method: The study consists of two parts. First, an observational study: Bibliographic review of pneumonia based on international information, elaboration of a constructed and understandable triptych for the patient which includes definition, symptoms, and information on diagnosis and treatment. Second, experimental, qualitative and prospective study in two groups of patients hospitalized with pneumonia acquired in their community in a third level hospital. There were 38 patients in each group. The group having an operation received the information leaflet in the form of a triptych and the control group did not have any operation. Both groups answered a questionnaire at discharge with questions related to pneumonia. Results: Sample of 76 patients, 58 % being men with an average age of 69 years and 50 % with a level of primary education. A percentage of 79 % had pneumonia for the first time. In the comparative study of the two groups it was stressed that the intervention group had completely been advised as to what pneumonia is while 52 % in the control was advised. Regarding the question of what the symptoms that appear in pneumonia in the intervention group were, 99 % were able to list them, but in the control group only 56 % were capable. Conclusion: We believe that the importance of the information provided in writing, with clear, concise and accessible language for hospitalized patients of different ages, increases their knowledge of their disease, symptoms and testing, obtaining more comfort and peace of mind during their stay.

Keywords : Pneumonia; Information; Education; Patient Safety.

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