versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141
Resting is essential for physical and mental well being of everyone and inadequate coverage of this requirement negatively affects the patient and disturbs life quality. Insomnia, defined as "a persistent weakness in the quantity of sleep that affects the normal activity and well being of the individual," is a common complaint among hospitalized patients; a reason that justifies the need of special attention to this problem. Our objectives were to identify factors that affect rest, and whether the nursing staff is aware of these factors. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the hematology and oncology units during the month of March 2008. To collect the data we created a survey for patients and for nurses. A percentage of 91% of the sample responded that they woke up during the night in the hospital and 40% do so more than three times. The factors that affect the rest of the patient are the psychological factors (concern about the disease, the family, and boredom during hospitalization). To conclude it is emphasized that both patients and nurses agree that a high percentage do not sleep in the hospital. The nursing staff showed a good perception of the major causes of insomnia in patients. Both have agreed on the extent to which psychological factors influence the pattern of rest/sleep. Therefore it is important that the nursing staff devote special attention to the management of psychological factors through different techniques.
Palabras clave : Rest/Sleep Model; Oncohematologic Patient; Sleep Disturbing Factors.