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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

CARDENAS, M.H. et al. Bio-psychosocial profile of the mother and her relation with the abandonment of exclusive maternal lactation. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2010, n.20. ISSN 1695-6141.

Exclusive maternal lactation is a form of infant nutrition without equal. Nevertheless, in spite of the importance of exclusive maternal lactation; at the present time a problem of its early abandonment exists due to the lack of effective policies for its promotion. The objective of this investigation was to establish if a relation between the bio-psychosocial profile of the mother and the abandonment of exclusive maternal lactation exists. The methodology was framed within the quantitative design, of cross section correlation type. The population was 106 mothers of children under the age of six months that visited the pediatrics department of the health unit Dr. Diaz Carballo and the Medical Group Miranda, the sample was representative of the whole conformed by 60 mothers, distributed in two groups: 30 mothers who gave exclusive maternal lactation and 30 that had stopped. Data appear in graphs of percentages using statistics of the square of chi with correction of Yates. Results: the age, the psychological aspect, the habits of the mother maintain a statistically significant relation with the abandonment of exclusive maternal lactation. One concludes that the bio-psychosocial factors (age, parity, psychological aspect, and culture) can become obstacles to the mother practicing exclusive a maternal lactation. The social aspect (social status) does not have relevance to the abandonment of exclusive maternal lactation, similarly to the origin of the mother.

Keywords : Bio-Psychosocial Profile; Weaning; Maternal Lactation; Growth, and Development.

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