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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

REINA, R.; FERRER, R.X.; TORO, Y.  and  CARDENAS, M.H.. Neonatal care approach: a transcultural focus. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2010, n.20. ISSN 1695-6141.

The care of the newborn from a transcultural perspective, it becomes a challenge that aims to bring different meanings to the stage in the conception of work to maintain, protect and strengthen the child's life. Knowing the beliefs and practices allows for identifying and using practices usually seen as out of date traditions compared with scientific advances. This establishes a bridge of communication between the care that people give themselves and the scientific expertise that is realized through careful nursing. This article is intended to: Represent Neonatal care from different transcultural approaches that enable the nurse to give constructive tools to the family while respecting cultural beliefs of each nuclear family. Importantly, the methodology for the development of this article was the bibliography. Therefore, the construction of knowledge that is available is based on the principles of Leininger's theory, which accepts nursing as a transcultural phenomenon, whose purpose is to lead people of different cultural orientations and specific lifestyles, with the objective of providing care that is appropriate to the culture. To promote the health of neonatals, it is important to recognize the cultural dimension. In which there are opportunities and threats, the first can be preserved, and it is possible to negotiate or restructure the latter. This interaction will undoubtedly be facilitated to the extent that the nurse has a thorough knowledge of the unique culture of each family and in this way can make comparisons. Common and diverse elements are found, which provide a human universal care with respect to the differences and specific needs of the heterogeneous nature of the families and their cultural environment.

Keywords : Approach; Care; Neonatal Care; Focus; Transcultural Focus.

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