SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.10 issue21Analysis of user satisfaction in primary health care centers in the province of Cordoba, ArgentinaEvolution of multiple deliveries in the region of Murcia from 1996 to 2008: psychosocial implications author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


SANCHES MARINS, S.  and  ANDRADE REZENDE, M.. Perceptions and practices of mothers of Brazilian pre-school children, with regard to their children's eating practices. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.21. ISSN 1695-6141.

Introduction: In March, 2006, there were 5,.588,.153 children aged 4 to 6 years enrolled in Brazilian pre-schools. Unfortunately only 3.8% of these institutions have a health professional, in addition to which, the relationship between the pre-schools and the Health System is poor. The first 5 years of life are crucial in the development of good eating habits, and consequently, for preventing degenerative illnesses in later life, such as obesity. Objective: The aim of this study is to identify and analyze maternal perceptions and practices concerning the eating behaviors of children aged 3 to 6 years attending a Brazilian pre-school. Material and methods: A qualitative survey was carried out using individual, non-directive interviews. 21 mothers were interviewed: 10 with children enrolled in full-time classes and 11 with children in part-time classes. In terms of height and weight, the children were between the 10 and 90 percentile (NCHS standard). For data analysis we used the method of Thematic Content Analysis, as proposed by Bardin. Results: Diet is an issue of major concern for these mothers. The main difficulty is child development: they do not know how to deal with it. Therefore, they use harmful strategies, such as bargaining, coercion, disguising food, and punishment. Also, they do not know how food is served in the preschool. However, 15 of the 21 children improved their eating behavior after attending the institution (autonomy, regular meal times, and better meal choices), particularly twhose attending the pre-school on a full-time basis. Conclusion: Brazilian pre-schools ought to implement health programs in partnership with the SUS (Unified Health System) - the Brazilian national health system.

Keywords : Preschool children; Children' s feeding behaviour; Pre-school; Kindergarten; Nurse role; Health promotion.

        · abstract in Spanish | Portuguese     · text in English | Spanish | Portuguese     · English ( pdf ) | Spanish ( pdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License