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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


GUEVARA, B.; ZAMBRANO DE GUERRERO, A.  and  EVIES, A.. Worldview in self-care and care of the other. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.21. ISSN 1695-6141.

Worldview is defined as the way of seeing and interpreting the world1. It is "the set of opinions and beliefs comprising the picture of the general concept of the world held by an individual, a culture from which the person interprets his or her own nature and that of all existing things." Using this definition, we can as nurses put forward our own opinions and beliefs about how to look after oneself and the other as a complex, interactive process which is present during a person's existence and which forms part of the professional practice of nursing. Humans are by nature social, complex, dynamic and gregarious beings. Hence, the social norms of the group to which they belong influence them to act in a determined social manner. One experience that is generally significant for the person is that of looking after the self and, on account of the gregariousness, this automatically applies the care of others during the lifespan. Self-care and care of the other is a continuous learning process that involves caring processes within the framework of the person's wholeness: soma, mind and spirit. This involves autonomy in decision taking, maturity, self-respect, responsibility, humility, and self-esteem in the search for a better existence. Introspection and self-concept are two of the many keys that the human being has to take into account in developing favourable attitudes based on values like love, solidarity, self-esteem, respect, the conviction of the existence of a superior being that guides our paths, cheerfulness, inner peace as the secret of happiness and of the feeling of being at rest with ourselves. This leads to our living in harmony and happiness and , therefore, generates behaviours that protect our health and that of the other.

Keywords : Self-care; Care of the other; Nursing.

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