versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141
RAMOS FRAUSTO, V.M.; RICO VENEGAS, R.M.; MARTINEZ, P.C. y BENAVIDES TORRES, R.A.. Subjective norms for HIV/AIDS and sexual attitudes in adolescent. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.22. ISSN 1695-6141.
Purpose: To ascertain the relation that exists between subjective norms for HIV/AIDS and the sexual attitudes in adolescents in a public university in the state of Guanajuato in students on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd semester aged f 18 and 19. Method: The study was descriptive and correlational. The sampling was random stratified: the sample was 651 students. Two questionnaires were applied: sexual attitudes and subjective norms for HIV/AIDS. Descriptive statistic, Kolmorogov Smirnov test, Spearman correlation were used as well as Student t for independent samples and Simple Linear Regression. Contribution and conclusions: 42.2% were men, 57.8% were women. 32.7% declared an age of 18 years , 67.3% declared 19. 40% were in the 2nd semester, 96.4% of men declared they were single, 86.2 % said they did not have a job. 97.9% of women declared they were single and 89.4 % said they did not have a job. The average for sexual attitudes was 44.78 (DE= 9.71), for subjective norms it was 60.28 (DE = 15.09) which reflects that adolescents have a perception over the middle point regarding others' acceptance of their sexual conduct. The Kolmorogov Smirnov test showed that sexual attitudes were distributed normally, unlike the subjective norms. The Spearman correlation showed inverse relation between the variables where the higher the conservative attitudes the lower the subjective norms were. (rs= -.296; p<.001). The average for sexual attitudes was higher in women (X = 45.81) in comparison to men (X = 43.36) and was significantly different. (t(649) = 3.20; p,<.01). This shows that women have more conservative attitudes than men. A simple linear regression was made that showed a meaningful effect of subjective norms about sexual attitudes (F(1,649) = 84.32, p>.001); subjective norms explain the 11.4% of the variation in sexual attitudes, which is a new finding, although, taking into account that the coefficient of regression was high this finding must be confirmed.
Palabras clave : Subjective Norms for HIV/AIDS; Sexual attitudes.