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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

MONTES, S.F.; TEIXEIRA, J.B.A.; BARBOSA, M.H.  and  BARICHELLO, E.. Aparición de complicaciones relacionadas con el uso del catéter venoso central de inserción periférica (PICC) en los recién nacidos. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.24. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1695-61412011000400001.

This retrospective study aimed to identify the occurrence of complications associated with peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in newborns (NB) in the Unit of Intensive therapy Neonatal from October 2008 to July 2009, at a public teaching hospital Uberaba, Minas Gerais. 55 procedures were performed for insertion of the PICC in 41 infants who were hospitalized during the period, averaging 1.3 procedures per incorporation by RN. The results show that the majority of infants had low birth weight (1639.5 ± 632.7 g) and with a mean gestational age of 31.9 ± 4.1 weeks. The preferred veins for insertion of the PICC were: saphenous with 15(27.3%); 13 (23.6%) in the cephalic and 10 (18.2%) in the basilica. The average puncture attempts was 3.1 times per procedure. 21 (38.2%) were centrally located by X-rays. Obstruction of the lumen was observed in 17 (30.9%) cases, occurred rupture catheter in 9 (16.4%), and phlebitis in 2 (4.9%). The mean length of the PICC was 8.8 days. These findings point to the need for greater investments in professional training programs to ensure the safe management of intravenous devices and ensure the quality of nursing care in this population.

Keywords : Newborn; Permanent catheters; Nursing.

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