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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

SIFUENTES CONTRERAS, A.; SOSA GIL, E.; JAIMEZ, T.  and  MANZANILLO, Y.. Educational Role of Nursing towards relatives of schizophrenic patients. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.24. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1695-61412011000400007.

The core aim of the study was to determine the role of nurses' education towards the families of schizophrenic patients at the Psychiatric Hospital. Maracaibo, Venezuela. Period: September 2009-February 2010. The design was cross-sectional, with a target population of 30 families, who answered a questionnaire of 20 items. The analysis and interpretation of the data was based on descriptive statistics. Results: In relation to the health promotion dimension, more than half the nursing staff informed them about mental illness suffered by their relatives. A high percentage of the population studied stated that informative billboards, distributed at the hospital, did not provide information on the latest scientific advances in the field of psychiatry. In addition, more than half of the population reported that during the visits, nurses did not give them scientific information about the importance of recognizing symptoms of mental illness. Also, they expressed that the nursing staff explained to them about drug treatment and their effects, but they did not give them diet recommendations. More than half of the relatives stated that nursing staff did not inform them about patients' rights and duties. Regarding the psychosocial dimension, respondents said that nursing staff did not notify them about the health of their patients and they did not help them to express their fears or manifestations of support through physical contact nor did they show concern or interest in their patients' problems. However, there was a high frequency of responses stating that nursing staff did allow free expression of their feelings and provided information about medical procedures and specific measures of healthcare. They were satisfied with the healthcare provided by nurses. In relation to spiritual needs, the relatives said that the nursing staff showed respect for their religious beliefs. Finally, a high percentage of people expressed that nurses respected their beliefs and customs.

Keywords : Educational Role; Nursing; relatives schizophrenic patients.

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