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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

APARECIDA DE SOUZA, L.  and  MANCUSSI E FARO, A.C.. Historia de la rehabilitación en Brasil, en el mundo y el papel de enfermería en este contexto: reflexiones y tendencias basadas en la revisión de literatura. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.24. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1695-61412011000400022.

This is a review of the literature, in order to describe the historical facts about the rehabilitation in Brazil and around the world and reflect on the role of nursing in the historical context of rehabilitation. Global interest in rehabilitation of four historic events occurred: two world wars, accelerated urbanization and industrialization, spread of epidemics and increased accidents. In Brazil, rehabilitation institutions dating from different historical periods and take care models are also different. The nurse begins to build its role in rehabilitation from 1944, with the creation of the Traumatized Spinal Cord Center in Britain, is today considered a key member of the multidisciplinary team. Knowing the history leads us to reflect and inquire about the current context of rehabilitation science and social inclusion, fighting for specialized treatments and establishment of health and social policies to include all people with disabilities.

Keywords : Rehabilitation; Nursing History; Public Policy.

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