On-line version ISSN 1695-6141
SANCHEZ BERMEJO, R. et al. Blood cultures: What they tell you and what you do. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.26, pp.146-163. ISSN 1695-6141. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1695-61412012000200010.
Aims: Main aim: To ascertain differences in nurses at the Hospital General Nuestra Señora del Prado, in blood extraction and blood culture techniques. Specific aims: To determine the asepsis/sterility conditions of the technique; to establish the use (disinfection, filling order, volume, needle change) of the blood culture vials. Method: Transversal descriptive study made at the Hospital General Nuestra Señora del Prado. A self-completion questionnaire including quantitative and qualitative variants was delivered to nursing professionals. Results: 52.9% of the questionnaires were collected from the 363 DUE's at the hospital. Mena working experience was 12.9 years [DE±7,9]. 57,8% believe sterile technique for the procedure was not necessary. 94.7% use a single antiseptic. 78.6% stated that they discard the first 10 cc extracted from the central vein. Conclusions: We consider that the response is high, with over 40% of the questionnaires being completed. We observed that most DUE's use aseptic techniques and in the protocols studied there was no consensus about the use of sterilization and septic techniques. The study reveals that the majority of the DUE's use a single antiseptic, even though most protocols recommend the use of alcohol, followed by povidone.iodine to disinfect the skin.
Keywords : blood culture; blood extraction; technical blood culture.