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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

WESCHENFELDER MAGRINI, D.  y  GUE MARTINI, J.. Hipertensión arterial: principales factores de riesgo modificables en la estrategia salud de la familia. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.26, pp.344-353. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1695-61412012000200022.

This article aims to study the main risk factors for hypertension, which are modifiable in the Family Health Strategy. The methodology used was a narrative review of literature to collect data in the electronic SCIELO containing the key words: hypertension, risk factors, multidisciplinary team and health education. Data collection occurred between December 2010 and February 2011. We found 581 articles on hypertension, and 11 were considered for analysis. The results indicate that health education in primary care, especially in the Family Health Strategy (ESF) is an important intervention tool because knowing the reality of the people who attend, the interventions proposed by the multidisciplinary team can produce positive results. There is a need for an appreciation of new concepts in health care and health user participation in preparing the plan of action, stimulating smoking cessation and alcohol abuse, weight reduction among the overweight, introduction of physical activity, reduction of salt intake, increased consumption of vegetables and fruits, besides the reduction of fatty foods, among others, in order to stimulate self-care and promote a better quality of life.

Palabras clave : Hypertension; Risk factors; Health education.

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