On-line version ISSN 1695-6141
MARTINEZ CASTILLO, Antonio. Self-awareness of the disease in patients diagnosed as having type 2 diabetes mellitus attending nurse appointment. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.27, pp.45-53. ISSN 1695-6141. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1695-61412012000300003.
In order to perform an appropriate health intervention, it is necessary that the patient is self-identified with the disease diagnosed. The aim of this study is to know whether the diabetic patients are self-identified with this disease and to check whether this fact influences on the metabolic control or not. Material and Method: This is a descriptive study carried out on diabetic patients attending nurse appointment. The variables were the following: self-identification as a diabetic, glycosylated haemoglobin, gender, age, working situation, study level, living together or not, years of diagnosis, and kind of treatment. Inferencial statistical analysis performed using X2 and t-Student tests. Results: 26,3% of the sample is not self-identified with diabetes. There is no statistical significance between this variable and the figures of glycosylated haemoglobin. However, there is a strong relationship between theage and the diagnosis years. No significant data is found in the other variables. Conclusions: There is a high percentage of patients who are not aware of their pathology, this fact increments according to the age and decreases according to the diagnosis years. There are not any differences in relation to metabolic control between those who are self-identified and those who are not.
Keywords : diabetes; self-identification; metabolic control.