On-line version ISSN 1695-6141
MARTINEZ SABATER, A. et al. Sleep habits of the children in the Grau de Gandia: A descriptive study. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.27, pp.124-141. ISSN 1695-6141. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1695-61412012000300008.
Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder in chilhood and it may occur to unweaned babies or during the infant period. In order to be able to detect as early as possible this disease, it is useful to make sleep questionnaires, such as the Spanish Version of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). We considered to know the prevalence of sleep disorders in a population from 3 to 6 years old from the "Graude Gandia", using de Spanish Version of PSQ by means of an autofilled survey answered by the parents of thestudents from the different schools. We performed a cross sectional study, collecting 144 valid surveys, performing data entry in a EXCEL database for further description. A 23.4% of the children have insomnia based on the responses and it is significant the presence of other parasomnias such as somniloquy (70%), snoring (7.2%), bruxism (22.3%), rhythmic movement disorders (7.1%) and a 4.1% of the children have symptoms of attention deficit regardless of havingr or not symptoms ofhyperactivity. A 2.08% of the survey responded to a combined ADHD and a 6.25% of the children had symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity. Our study provides similar data to other population studies carried out at schools at this age range and also in higher, with regard to insomnia, parasomnias, sleep habits and ADHD, being the lack of education of the habitof sleep the most common etiology, so the role of the nurse is fundamental in the orientation and training for parents.
Keywords : Sleep habit; child population; Health Promotion.