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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

GUILHERME, C.; CARVALHO, E.C. de  and  LANDEROS LOPEZ, M.. Relevance of data collection instruments for quality of care. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.27, pp.318-327. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1695-61412012000300017.

In view of the importance of the nursing process in evidence-based practice, we attempt to identify validated and reliable instruments to collect data from patients. An integrative review was carried out in the databases CINAHL, BVS and PUBMED, using the words "nursing" and "validated clinical assessment tools", as well as"validation studies", "reproducibility of results" and "nursing assessment". Full articles available in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included, excluding reviews that did not follow the methodological steps describedand did not address the theme. In the 40 analyzed studies, instruments were identified that are applicable to different areas, such as geriatrics and gerontology, intensive care, oncology, psychiatry, nutrition, infectology, occupational health, palliative care, cardiology, among others. Instruments were found to evaluate the follow ingareas: risk of falls, patient satisfaction, quality of life, sleep, depression, mental confusion, dementia, pain, behavior, nutritional status, violence, personality, psychosis, breast feeding, nausea and vomit, fatigue, end of life needs, sedation and agitation, abstinence from opioid use, pressure ulcers, capacity of workers with musculoskeletal problems to restart activities, immunological status of patients with HIV/AIDS, and patients' degree of knowledge about their disease. There was an increase in the number of publications from 1990 to 2006. Most of the instruments, 47.5%, were applicable to elderly populations. Nursing, when using validated instruments in its practice, provides more qualified care. Several behaviors and clinical manifestations exist,however, without validated instruments for their assessment.

Keywords : Instruments; Validation; Data collection; Nursing.

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