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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

CUBERO, J. et al. The pre-school feeding: health education from 2 to 6 years. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.27, pp.337-345. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1695-61412012000300018.

The infant feeding and nutrition is one of the most important areas regarding the Health Education (HE). Thishealth-promoting action must start at the early stage of the development and learning, such as the pre-schoolperiod. A valuable tool to initiate successfully the HE could be infant nutrition, which can and must be also approached in the educational area. Our objective of the investigation was to gather, from the main Spanish manuals of nutrition, the basic and nutritional characteristics of the stage from 2 to 6 years, in order to be used by educational personnel instead ofhealth personnel in the school area. By the analysis of bibliographical documented review, related to the nutritional characteristics at this stage of growth. The results indicate that the Recommendations Dietary Allowance (RDA) from 2 years are very different with regard to the breast-fed stage, the contribution moves towards the carbohydrates in 50 %, in decline of fats <30% and proteins. In addition, the preparation and incorporation of new ingredients to the daily foods is already regular, obtaining, in this way, a balanced and healthy diet. For that, we will follow a guideline of 3 daily foods, with 2 intermediate of minor quantity, and the breakfast will have a well-deserved importance. To conclude, we must indicate that the educator has to inculcate healthy habits of feeding in pre-school stage by means of the Health Education. The mentioned infant diet will be the base for a healthy adulthood, since during the infant stage, future pathologies may emerge such as diabetes, cancer of colon and hypertension.

Keywords : Infant feeding; Nutrition; Education; Health.

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