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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


SANCHEZ ALONSO, Patricia  and  SIERRA ORTEGA, Víctor Manuel. Burnout syndrome in nursing staff in ICU. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.33, pp.252-266. ISSN 1695-6141.

Introduction: The burnout syndrome occurs when a supportive relationship is maintained with a strong interpersonal relationship with the beneficiaries of that work. Several studies have considered the nursing staff as a fragile group. Some studies revealed that units that generate greater stress are those that meet critical or terminal patients: the environment, physical and emotional continuing demands to the nurses who are subjected by patients, and role ambiguity are characteristics that predispose the development of this syndrome. Objectives: The main objective is to determine the degree of burnout in the team ICU nursing Hospital Medical Ramón y Cajal. Material and methods: Sample of 68 nurses and assistants working in the ICU. As an instrument, we used Maslach Burnout Inventory in its Spanish version, self administered. Results: Low scores on the three dimensions of the syndrome (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment), and most sample with a 45.6%, tendency to suffer. Conclusions: Profile of workers suffering burnout is: nurse, 35 to 44 years, with contract fixed, experience over 16 years and an age of 1-5 years in that job.

Keywords : Burnout; ICU; nursing; MBI; critical patient.

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