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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


CALVO GONZALEZ, Germán  and  CAMACHO BEJARANO, Rafaela. Gender violence: trends, impact and keys for approach. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.33, pp.424-439. ISSN 1695-6141.

Aims: To get a deeper knowledge about the most relevant aspects of gender violence, analysing the current situation and legislation, focusing on the consequences experienced by women affected, the main implications at social and health level and the existing difficulties to approach it. Method: A literature search and review of the most relevant has been performed, including the main documents related to violence against women in Spain over the last ten years, emphasising national and regional strategies for health care. Results: In recent years, domestic violence has become a growing public health problem that affects millions of women worldwide although a gradual decrease it is expected. Women profile is associated with a low social and economic status and low educational level. The consequences of domestic violence on women health include physical and psychological problems and a higher use of health services, with some non-specific symptoms as the main demand. Within the main difficulties found, it can be highlighted the number of under-diagnosis and the lack of coordination between the core services. Conclusions: Healthcare professionals play a critical role in the prevention, detection and treatment, requiring specific training in this field and the development of mechanisms and protocols for coordination between health and social services that ensure a comprehensive and integrated care to affected women.

Keywords : Violence against women; Nursing care; prevention.

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