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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


SANTOS ALVES, Elaine Cristina et al. Health conditions and functionality of the elderly with Diabetes Mellitus type 2 in Primary Health Care. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.34, pp.1-18. ISSN 1695-6141.

This study aimed to identify the health and functionality of the elderly with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in primary health care of Montes Claros-Minas Gerais, Brazil, featuring clinical and functional conditions related to daily life activities. Quantitative and descriptive research held in a Core area of support to family health, having as subject 99 elderly subjects with Diabetes Mellitus type 2. The data collection was conducted in the households of respondents, through structured questionnaire based on Functional assessment tools and the Brasilian Multidimensional Functional Assesment Questionaire. The data was analyzed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. In relation to clinical conditions, 94.9% have co-morbidities; 54.5% presented complications of diabetes; 84.8% reported feeling pain in at least one part of the body; 78% used some kind of prosthesis bracing; 26.3% and 22.2% reported hospitalization and fall last year, respectively. Referring to the conditions of functionality, 59.6% of the surveyed reported geriatric problems, with partial immobility mentioned 9.1%; 30.3% postural instability; 5.1% cognitive failure; 28.3% urinary incontinence and 23.3% presented difficulties in carrying out the activities of daily life. The degree of dependency, 79.8% presented dependency, being 40.4% mild; 20.2% moderate and 19.2%. severe, It is concluded that the extent of tieing-in of seniors surveyed was high, requiring of primary health care in charge of the construction and operationalization of appropriate health practices that reduce vulnerabilities and maintain and protect the health of the elderly against early aggravations of co-morbidities generated by Diabetes.

Keywords : ederly; everyday activities; family health; health conditions.

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