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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


LAZA VASQUEZ, Celmira; PULIDO ACUNA, Gloria Pulido  and  CASTIBLANCO MONTANEZ, Ruth Alexandra. Hazard, death and sequels: perception on severe preeclampsia by those who lived it. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.34, pp.481-492. ISSN 1695-6141.

Objective: To describe perception about severe preeclampsia and its causality in a group of women who lived the disease and were attended at Hospital de San José (Bogotá). Method: Qualitative phenomenological study. Ten puerperal women who suffered severe preeclampsia and were attended at Hospital San José (Bogotá) during 2012 participated in the study. They were selected by intentional sampling; sample size was defined by saturation criteria. Information was collected by in-depth interview and data were analyzed by Colaizzi's proposal. Results: Participants who suffered the disease first-time perceived its onset "unexpected, without warning"; for those who did suffered it already, they awaited with resignation and anguish. Suffering was depicted from the dimensions of hazard, capability to kill and sequels after pregnancy; also, as something "alien to women's will", uncontrollable, causing impotence and resignation. Perception of causality showed up three elements: lack of healthcare during pregnancy, predisposition to disease and personal, family and labor problems. Conclusions: Constructs about disease are founded on previous experiences about it, but not precisely on the healthcare professional's knowledge. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare pregnant women for the emotional hardship behind suffering severe preeclampsia, assuming a nursery care differentiated, integral.

Keywords : Severe pre-eclampsia; descriptive phenomenology; perception; causality; nursery.

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