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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141


TRIVINO MARTINEZ, Ángeles; SOLANO RUIZ, Mª Carmen  y  SILES GONZALEZ, José. The chronic nature of the fibromyalgia: a literature review. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.35, pp.273-292. ISSN 1695-6141.

Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized as a chronic disease of unknown etiology with multiple consequences for the person who suffers it, his family and own social-working environment. The aim of this paper focuses on collecting the experiences of people with fibromyalgia. In order to do so, it was carried out a bibliographic review in which the articles were selected by qualitative methodology. The articles were published during the period 2005-2012 in the following databases: PubMed, IME, CUIDEN and CINAHL. Also, in Scielo Journals, Nursing Index, Journal Advanced Nursing and Clinical Nursing Journal. Following the literature review, 42 items met the inclusion criteria and were bracketed on the following category: disease diagnosis, treatment, disease and pain, sleep disturbance, fatigue, cognitive impairment, labor impact, emotional impact, needs and demands of patients to health professionals, experience of illness and seeking help and information. The patients' voice is not heard or taken into consideration at the beginning of their illness. They are considered patients with psychological disorders which cause them uncertainty and social stigmatization. The inflexion point is getting a firm diagnosis; from this point the person will be able to create strategies during their own process. The most significant symptoms associated with the disease are: pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance and cognitive impairment that will affect their social and labor activities.

Palabras clave : fibromyalgia; pain; experience; qualitative research and phenomenology.

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