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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


SILVA, Pollyane Liliane et al. Care of the feet: the knowledge of individuals with diabetes mellitus registered family health program. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.37, pp.38-51. ISSN 1695-6141.

The Objective is to identify the knowledge of individuals with diabetes mellitus type 1 or 2 registered in the HIPERDIA program, correlate study time with the number of concordant answers about foot care and describe the complications on second time of diagnosis. Analytical study, exploratory, cross-sectional quantitative analysis, conducted with 116 individuals with diabetes type 1 or 2 followed at HIPERDIA Program in a Health Unit Matrix became evident that most of the individuals were female, mean age 49, 9 years, elementary school, has type 2 diabetes. 69% had hypertension and 45.7% dyslipidemia. The majority reported appropriate behaviors in their day-to-day for foot care, 98.3% thought important to take care of your feet to prevent diabetic foot, however, 19% performed the examination of the feet to a health professional at least once a year. Statistical tests showed that there was low correlation between study time and the number of concordant answers about foot care, but was not significant (rs = 0.026, p = 0.781). Among those up to 10 years of diagnosis, 79.7% had no complications and 62.2% said they were for those aged 10 or more (x2= 19.83, p <0.001). We conclude that having knowledge of the individual's level of knowledge about diabetic foot care allows the health professional to direct the actions of health education aimed at promoting and encouraging this practice.

Keywords : Diabetes Mellitus; Knowledge; Diabetic Foot.

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