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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


ZAPATA SAMPEDRO, Marco Antonio; CASTRO VARELA, Laura  and  TEJADA CARO, Rocío. Moisture lesions: a review. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.38, pp.325-334. ISSN 1695-6141.

Incontinence-associated dermatitis, a clinical manifestation of moisture-associated skin damage, is a condition characterized by irritation and inflammation, and is a common consideration in patients with fecal and/or urinary incontinence. Due to the location and appearance of "moisture lesions", they are often mistaken for pressure ulcers. Objective: To perform a literature review about the term "moisture lesions". Methods: We conducted a search of data through the metasearch Gerion Andalusian Public Health System. The term used for search centered on the concept: "moisture lesions". Data extraction was performed by a single person. We identified and analyzed 18 articles in which the term "moisture lesions" is treated. Results and conclusions: Differential diagnosis, usually based on visual examination, can help determine whether incontinence-associated dermatitis or a pressure ulcer is present.Treatment goals include protection of the skin from further exposure to irritants and establishment of a healing environment. This review of literature underscores the scant amount of evidence-based information available and highlights the need for further studies. This should encourage nurses to pay closer attention to moisture lesions and its assessment and treatment.

Keywords : Moisture-associated skin damage; incontinence-associated dermatitis; moisture lesions; nurse; skin care; incontinence; wounds.

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