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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


COSTA, Lúcia Helena Rodrigues et al. Gender in the context of sexual and reproductive rights of women deprived of liberty. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.43, pp.138-150. ISSN 1695-6141.

Introduction: The National Policy for Integral Attention to Women's Health, implemented by the Ministry of Health in 2005, deals with the comprehensive care in different contexts, such as the situation of women in prison. Objective: To describe the profile of women deprived of liberty of a prison and discuss the situation of sexual and reproductive health of these women. Methods: This was a descriptive, exploratory study, a qualitative-quantitative approach, which worked with 34 women in the prison system in Montes Claros and Pirapora, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Results: Among the 34 women we found that 27 (79.4%) had some sort of profession before the arrest. The main activities were "maid" and "saleswoman" which configure jobs requiring low skill development and offer low wages. Among them, 22 participants (64.7%) said they were brown, 5 (14.7%) black and 7 (20.6%) white. In an age ranging from 30 to 35 years old, suggesting that women are in productive and reproductive age with low levels of education and hold jobs/professions of low pay. The narratives collected in the focus group show that these women maintain stereotypical representations of the feminine figure defined by emotion, passivity and devotion to family. Conclusions: The results show that gender alters the exercise of sexuality and the fact that women get pregnant, put barriers to both, the realization of conjugal visits and the care of the children in the first six months postpartum.

Keywords : Women's Health; Sexual and reproductive rights; Gender and Health; Sexuality.

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