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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

GONZALEZ GOMEZ, Ana; MONTALVO PRIETO, Amparo  y  HERRERA LIAN, Arleth. Comfort of Patients Hospitalized in Intermediate and Intensive Care Units. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2017, vol.16, n.45, pp.266-294.  Epub 01-Ene-2017. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.16.1.260101.

Objective

Associate the sociodemographic factors to the dimensions of comfort (physical, social, psychospiritual, and environmental) of patients hospitalized in intensive and intermediate care units.

Methodology

Transversal analytic study with 160 patients hospitalized in the intensive and intermediate care units of four institutions in the city of Cartagena, from July to September 2014. Two instruments were used, the sociodemographic survey and Kolcaba's general questionnaire of comfort. Descriptive statistics and a logistic regression test for data management were used.

Results

A total of 57.5% of the participants were women with mean age of 51.7 years; 76.9% with stable partner; 43.4% with secondary schooling (incomplete and complete). The type of comfort transcendence in the social, psychospiritual, and physical dimensions prevailed in the patients and in the environmental dimension the type of comfort reached was tranquility. Association was found among the physical, social, and environmental dimensions with being from a socioeconomic level above two and having secondary or higher education. The psychospiritual dimension had no association with the sociodemographic factors.

Conclusions

Patients hospitalized in ICU or in IMCU with higher socioeconomic level had lower probability of feeling comfort during their hospitalization; in the social dimension, patients with more education had a higher probability of feeling comfortable. Belonging to a socioeconomic level above two, reduces the probability for hospitalized patients to feel comfortable in the environmental and physical dimensions.

Palabras clave : Intensive care; patients; relief; comfort.

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