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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141

Abstract

OLIVEIRA PAULA, Angélica; MARQUES SALGE, Ana Karina  and  PRADO PALOS, Marinésia Aparecida. Health-care-associated Infections in neonatal intensive care units: an Integrative review. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2017, vol.16, n.45, pp.508-536.  Epub Jan 01, 2017. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.16.1.238041.

This integrative review aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence on the healthcare-associated Infections (HAIs) in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU). Data were collected from electronic databases MEDLINE and LILACS, from 2000 to 2015. We analyzed 36 publications on HAIs, excluding viral infections. Results: The main micro-organisms that cause HAIs are: Staphylococcus (30%), Candida (23.3%), Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13.3%), Acinetobacter and Serratia marcescens (6.7%), Enterobacter and Enterococcus (3.3%). Among the causes of septicemia include: Staphylococcus (50%), Candida (30%) and Acinetobacter baumannii (20%). The main HAIs in NICU occur by cross-transmission of micro-organisms through contaminated the hands of health professionals and environmental surfaces, equipment and noncritical items. For the prevention and control of HAIs in the NICU is needed for adequate training of professional about hand hygiene and cleaning and disinfection of environmental surfaces, equipment and noncritical items.

Keywords : Intensive Care units; Neonatal; Newborn; Cross Infection.

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