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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141

Resumen

FOLCH, Ana et al. Educational programs for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Integrative Review. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2017, vol.16, n.45, pp.537-573.  Epub 01-Ene-2017. ISSN 1695-6141.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.16.1.249621.

According to WHO, the aim of therapeutic education (TE) is help the patient to acquire the resources necessary to optimally manage your life with a chronic disease. The TE is part of treatment in secondary and tertiary prevention. The latest Cochrane review has shown positive results however, heterogeneity of populations, types of interventions and outcome measures makes it difficult to establish clear recommendations in this area. And what instruments are recommended to assess the therapeutic education in patients with COPD. It is therefore necessary a review with the aim of knowing the characteristics of clinical trials, the profile of COPD patient, the contents of ET and the variables studied in them. In this review are Identified 22 clinical trials with high methodological quality, Jadad scale> 3. Which showed that in clinical trials programs ET the most studied variables are the quality of life, hospital admissions and lung function variables, where ET decreases hospital admissions, promotes smoking cessation and improving knowledge of COPD. Whose interventions are group sessions with different educational materials. There being a rise in the number of publications in this area, there is a great variety of assessment tools and heterogeneity of interventions, to draw conclusions.

Palabras clave : COPD; nursing health education.

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